Port of Ystad
Forward-thinking, sustainable and contributing to the city’s and the region’s development – this is how Port of Ystad introduces itself. In fact, the city of Ystad, located in Skåne region, southern Sweden, has the port to thank for its creation. The latter arose in the Middle Ages and was built at the now missing river mouth. It is situated in a bay where ships could go leeward and further up the river to seek protection in bad weather. The so-called “English bridge”, which is actually a broad shoal, was used as a mooring place for larger vessels. In the 19th century Ystad developed into an attractive harbour, which continues to expand up until now, with total volumes increasing by 39% in the 2001-2010 period.
Passengers, cars and…
Port operations today consist mainly of ferry traffic to/from the island of Bornholm (Denmark) and Świnoujście (Poland). The Polish route is served by five vessels (three ro/pax and two rail/ro/ro), whereas on the route to and from Bornholm four vessels operate, with 3-8 calls per day (two high speed crafts – fast catamarans – and two ro/pax). Ystad is the market leader in the two locations, supported by three major ferry companies: BornholmerFærgen (former Bornholmstrafikken), Unity Line and Polferries.
Rankings confirm the port’s importance in the abovementioned services: among 52 Swedish ports, Ystad was No. 2 in terms of number of rail cars/wagons, No. 3 as far as ferry passengers are concerned and No. 4, considering private cars and busses handled in 2010. The port holds the 11th place in terms of total goods in tonnes over quay.
In addition to the ferry service, the port serves conventional vessels carrying coal, coke, grain, timber, general cargo and much more. Its cranes are able to lift cargo of up to 40 tonnes. Services of loading and unloading of containers as well as transhipment to and from the rail complement the port’s offer. Apart from freight management, the company Ystad Hamn Logistik AB offers storage capacity for both short and long periods.
The financial crisis did not mean a slowdown for Ystad – on the contrary, the port was one of its beneficiaries. For example, the total amount of goods handled over quay increased by 18%. During the 2008-2009 the harbour was dredged, forming a turning area in the outer basin. At the same time, three berths were reconstructed into two new and modern ones, now available for vessels up to 215 m long. As the growth in number of trailers was gathering pace, the port also invested in several new trailer haulers, both on the Bornholm and Polish routes. Apart from that, the port set off to work on a new berth, car ramp, passenger ramp and an extended vehicle waiting area for one of the biggest passenger catamarans in the world; BornholmerFærgen’s HSC Leonora Christina that went into service in June 2011.
Moreover, as the port is located very close to the city centre, the environment plays an important role in its functioning. Therefore, approx. EUR 3.0 mln invests in an onshore power supply system for ferries. It will be ready for use in August 2012.
In the more distant future, Port of Ystad plans to move ferry berths from inner to the outer basin, forming new possibilities for even larger tonnage. Moreover, a new quay and land area for producing and shipping towers for wind turbines is foreseen. All this with the mission to serve customers, the city and the whole region of Skania.